Child Health

Our Children. Our Future.

Important aspects of care of a newborn

Prevention of infection

Keeping the baby warm

Breast feeding

Detection of danger signs and early referral

Care of low birth weight baby

Immunization for Infant

Nutrition for newborn

It is generally advised to exclusively breastfeed baby for six months then gradually introduce other food including ‘colostrum’ which is first milk your breasts produce during pregnancy. In case if your child is wailing on a frequent basis, it is a probable sign that your child is not receiving sufficient nutrition. Under such scenario, provide other recommended food besides breastmilk to keep your child nourished. Refer the below links for more information on child nutrition.

A child needs carbohydrate, proteins, minerals and even fats (ex-ghee which keeps skin healthy, treats cough & cold, increases immunity, boosts energy) for healthy growing. Deficiency of these nutrients can cause hinderance in physical and mental growth of the child. A child should not be put on an adult fad of slimming diets.

In slums and rural places, there is a lack of finance or information on appropriate child nutrition which leads to undernourishment/malnourishment. Malnutrition has increased four-fold among children in Mumbai’s municipal schools, from 8% in 2013-14 to 34% in 2015-16.

It has been seen that in urban India even in middle economical strata to well off family children are found be undernourished as people are trying to impose new health fads of children. The statistics reaches to 21% child undernourishment in Mumbai/Mumbai suburb.
It is crucial to note that children up to 6 years is more prone to infection as immunity is low. What child eats will be translated into immunity in a child

parameters to determine growth of children

Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) is recommended for use with children between six and fifty-nine months of age and for assessing acute energy deficiency. The other measurements to assure healthy growth of the child is linked below:

Health risks of babies born to teenage mothers

Low birth weight

Perinatal and neonatal morbidity (disease) and mortality

Inadequate childcare and breastfeeding practices

How will mother know if her baby is getting enough
milk from breast feed?
Baby is gaining weight as expected
Baby sleeps minimum 2 hours after each breast feed
Baby passes urine minimum 5 to 6 times in a day
While feeding the baby, milk flows from the other breast too.
New-born Baby (First week)
Can lie on tummy. Moro response is active: it is an infantile reflex normally present in all infants/newborns up to 4 or 5 months of age as a response to a sudden loss of support, when the infant feels as if it is falling. It involves three distinct components: spreading out the arms, un-spreading the arms and usually crying) Grasp reflex active, keep hands in tight fist.
new born
2 month
2-months old baby
Starts smiling, can hold head up and begins to push up when lying on tummy, bring hand close to mouth.
4-months old baby
Smiles spontaneously, holds head steady unsupported, reaches out for objects.
6-months old baby
Responds to other people’s emotions, rolls over, sits without support.
9-months old baby
Stands by holding on to something, Sits without support,  Pulls to stand, Crawls 
12 month
12-months old baby
Gets to a sitting position without help, pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”). May take a few steps without holding on, may stand alone.
18-months old baby
Walks alone. May walk up steps and run. Drinks from a cup. Eats with a spoon.
24-months old baby
Stands on tiptoe. Kicks a ball. Begins to run.